Grab the remote. Click away to see how watching TV, particularly prolonged viewing, can hurt your health and reduce your quality of life. Chan School of Public Health. Binge-watching may increase your risk for diabetes Research on people at higher risk for developing diabetes found that for each hour spent watching TV per day, the risk of developing the disease increased 3.
Rather than focusing on what participants watched, Andrea Kriska, an epidemiologist at the University of Pittsburgh and senior author of the research published in April in the journal Diabetologia, says TV watching was tracked as an indicator of time people spent sitting. Lead author Bonny Rockette-Wagner says other research seems to indicate that we move even less while watching TV compared with other sedentary activities, like sitting at work.
Increased activity, by comparison, was associated with higher sperm counts. Previous research also associates prolonged TV viewing with increased risk of heart disease, which, for men, is also associated with higher rates of impotence.
It could damage your relationships The more you believe in popular portrayals of romance on television, the less committed you may be to your real relationship, according to research published several years ago in the journal Mass Communication and Society.
It could stunt a child's first words At an early age, Americans start tuning in to TV — and now other media, as kids play with smartphones.
But while a FaceTime session with a family member might be OK, for the littlest among us, television can be bad news. It could increase aggression Children internalize cues, experts say, from what they see on TV to video games.
Research shows that early exposure to TV violence also makes it likelier that kids will grow up to be aggressive adults. It's isolating The results of research presented earlier this year at the annual Conference of the International Communication Association in San Juan, Puerto Rico, found that feelings of loneliness and depression were linked to watching television. It can rob us of sleep Glued to the TV? Screen time from the TV to tablet — to the TV shows we watch on the tablet — can make it harder to unwind, cutting into precious sleep, as technology continues its creep into every aspect of our waking lives.
It could shorten our lives A study of healthy young adults found that watching lots of TV is associated with premature death. So, to add insult to injury: If you watch too much TV, you may die sooner than later. More from U. News U. HuffPost Personal Video Horoscopes. Follow Us. Part of HuffPost Wellness. All rights reserved. Suggest a correction.
Love Oat Milk? Newsletter Sign Up. Successfully Subscribed!Various companies compete with each other to telecast programs during prime time, including sports matches and soon, nearly every household had a television set.
Given this, it is naturally important that we examine the positive and negative effects of TV. These are some of the positive and negative effects of watching TV. Gratuitous violence is never a good thing and being exposed to such programs on a regular basis is bound to have a psychological effect which can be more pronounced in young children. This is a critical age for them; this is when they form their core values and being exposed to programs that glorify violence tends to set a wrong message.
Television is here to stay and with current advances, it is only a matter of time before we can use the television for just about anything. While it is true that television does come with negative effects, the point is that we can take proactive measures and minimize the risk. At the end of the day, your TV is the most important piece of your household and unless you take effective action, your health stands to be affected.
Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. The positive impact of watching television: Educational: several studies had highlighted the fact that television was influencing the behavior of young and susceptible minds.
Given this, the government opted to use television as a medium to inculcate their citizens on the various benefits of several welfare programs as well as an effective tool to disseminate information.
Soon, schools and colleges were roped in to develop educational modules for the television as a way to impress young minds. Advertising: Once televisions became popular, the ad companies were not far behind. Soon they started developing ads for television, two-minute spot ads and even less — geared to attract the lay customer. Since then, both television and advertising had morphed into something else altogether, for the ads you see on the television today are more designed for their shock value than anything else.
Entertainment: During the early years, you were lucky if your favorite program was telecast that day, but today there are literally thousands of programs to choose from and you can opt to live to stream it to your TV.
Even the way you used to watch television programs has hanged; you can now watch all your favorite programs right on your mobile phone. Information dissemination: given its popularity, it was only to be expected that television would be utilized by various political parties for information dissemination especially during the elections.
If these parties wanted to run ads, they can do some research to study their target demographic and develop specific ads that have a greater chance of selling your products and services The negative impact of watching television: Vision impairment: it has been found that binge watching television programs can impact the health of the viewer, often leading to eye strain, and eventually visual impairment. This is why it is important for parents to monitor their children to ensure that they watch their television programs at a distance of six feet or more, since sitting closer to the television set can affect their eyesight permanently.
Hearing impairment: Most of the television sets manufactured today enables you to listen to the various programs with the help of Blue tooth. As a result of prolonged exposure to high decibel sounds, the risk of you developing hearing impairment goes all the way up. Violence: As mentioned earlier, television continues to play an influential role in our society even today.
And regular airing of programs containing extreme gore and violence can cause young kids to act out, to become violent. Several child specialists have taken note of the link between violent programs and violent acts committed by these young individuals which is why it is vital that parents monitor the programs that their children watch so that they remain unaffected by the same. About Latest Posts. Alan Behrens. Alan Behrens is an experienced writer and our editor-in-chief.
PNI's goal is to publish high-quality, educational content covering everything from history to current events. Latest posts by Alan Behrens see all. Spread the love.Effects of television viewing on child developmenthighly contested topic within child development and psychology involving the consequences for children from the content of and the duration of their exposure to television TV programming.
It is difficult to argue that youths are not affected by what is broadcast on television. However, it is equally difficult to pinpoint particular shows or genres of programming as causing specific behaviours in children without considering the innumerable amount of alternate influences that may have an effect on their actions. Some have argued that television clearly has negative effects on youths—such as violent programming resulting in children who are more fearful, more aggressive, or more insensitive to the suffering of others—whereas others believe that such effects are, at best, ambiguous.
Although it is uncertain which perspective is right or wrong, it is quite certain that the debate continues to galvanize social scientists, parents, and politicians in the United States and elsewhere. In the Columbia Broadcasting System CBS sponsored a study conducted by Rutgers University that found that television increased family unity and cohesion, did not promote viewer passivity, and did not replace other valued diversions, such as outdoor activities and social interactions.
That landmark report was one of the first and most widely disseminated of its kind, and several more would follow in the forthcoming decade. Soon, however, questions were raised about whether television viewing decreased dialogue between children and parents and whether children could be expected to maintain academic progress as their average total viewing time increased to more than 20 hours a week. Eventually, broadcasters capitalized upon those youthful watchers by developing targeted programs such as puppet shows and Saturday morning cartoons.
Although those were highly popular, many children—especially those from households that provided minimal parental involvement in viewing choices—were also watching wrestling shows, TV westernsand mystery-crime dramas, all of which incorporated a significant amount of violence into their story lines. That, in turn, raised even more concerns about the impact of television on American youth. Throughout the following decades, psychologists, sociologists, criminologists, and other social scientists have argued a number of different perspectives with respect to whether television violence facilitates or triggers violent behaviours in children.
Some believe that watching violence on television likely causes a significant number of children to behave violently. Others have agreed that this may be true but that it is so only with children already susceptible to exhibiting violence.
The Negative Effects of Watching Television for Adults and Kids
As a result, some have argued for tighter controls, either voluntary or legislative, concerning what should be allowed on the airwaves. The debate of whether violence on television begets violence in children may be the most-salient issue, but some social scientists argue that television programming has negative effects on children beyond promoting aggressive behaviour. For example, television shows appear to perpetuate gender and racial stereotypes and offer young viewers a distorted perspective of how the world works and how people behave.
Several studies have correlated television with deficits in attention and focus and have revealed negative correlations between test scores and the number of hours of programming watched. Health care professionals have also weighed in on the television debate.
They believe that children who spend more time watching television are going to spend less time engaging in physical activity. Additionally, psychologists argue that the large amount of time spent watching TV threatens the cohesiveness of the family.
Despite all the negative influences attributed to television, some commentators note that the medium can have a positive effect on youths. For instance, television programs are quite commonly used in school classrooms, and teachers may use educational videos or segments recorded from network broadcasts to accentuate their lessons and provide learning avenues for children with different learning styles.
Because of the television-viewing habits of youths, some legislators have advocated for stricter regulation of what is shown on TV. In the United States inCongress mandated that V-chipsdevices that parents can use to block programming inappropriate for children, be installed in every television set produced after Other than sleeping and working, Americans are more likely to watch television than engage in any other activity. A wave of new social science research shows that the quality of shows can influence us in important ways, shaping our thinking and political preferences, even affecting our cognitive ability.
In this so-called golden age of televisionsome critics have pointed out that the best of the form is equivalent to the most enriching novels. And high-quality programming for children can be educational. But the latest evidence also suggests there can be negative consequences to our abundant watching, particularly when the shows are mostly entertainment.
The harm seems to come not so much from the content itself but from the fact that it replaces more enlightening ways of spending time. Cognitive ability is a complex characteristic that emerges from interactions between biological dispositions, nutrition and health, parenting behaviors, formal and informal educational opportunities, and culture.
Studying the connection between intelligence and television consumption is far from straightforward, but researchers have developed compelling ways to isolate the effects of television. Researchers randomly assigned groups of low-income children age 3 to 5 into an experimental group and a control group. In the experimental group, parents were given access to the show if they lacked it and encouraged in person once a month to have their children watch the show. Evidence-based guidance.
Personal stories that matter. Sign up for the NYT Parenting newsletter for the info you need. Almost all 93 percent parents of children in the experimental group reported that their children subsequently watched the show, compared with roughly one-third of children in the control group 35 percent.
Among watchers, those in the experimental group also watched more frequently. Over six months, from November to Maythe experimental group gained 5. Gains in cognitive performance were especially large for those who viewed the show frequently relative to those who did so rarely or never. Low-income prekindergarten children scored higher on a social competence index six months after being randomly assigned to an experimental group, in which their parents were encouraged to replace age-inappropriate television with educational television.
In Norway, and a handful of other developed countries, average I. This is known as the negative Flynn effect, a variation of the more famous Flynn effectwhich is named after the psychologist who first published comprehensive evidence of I.
Among native Norwegian men taking an exam at age 18 for military conscription, those born in scored two I. In an academic article published this year, the Norwegian economist Oystein Hernaes and his co-authors attributed some of this decline in I. After the introduction of cable inNorwegian teenagers and young adults drastically cut back on daily time spent reading from toand increased their time watching TV. Moreover, relative to public television, cable television had far less educational content and was focused on entertainment and advertisements.
To estimate the effect of cable television on I. They calculated years of exposure to cable by considering the age of eventual test takers when cable became available in their municipality. They controlled for any potential geographic bias by comparing siblings with greater or less exposure to cable television based on their age when cable infrastructure was put in.
They estimate that 10 years of exposure to cable television lowered I. In related researchMr. Hernaes finds that exposure to cable television reduced voter turnout in local elections. The economists document that Mediaset devoted almost no programming to educational content and did not offer news in early years, whereas its main competitor — the state-owned channel — devoted the majority of its airtime to news or educational material.
To study the effects of Mediaset, Mr. Durante and his co-authors obtained data on the location of Mediaset transmitters in and calculated the strength of the broadcasting signal in every Italian municipality based on the position of the transmitters and other technical features of the municipality.
They found that children raised in areas with greater access to Mediaset a standard deviation in signal strength had lower cognitive scores as adults by the equivalent of 3 to 4 I. People more exposed to Mediaset as children were also less likely to be civically engaged adults and more likely to vote for parties with populist tendencies like Forza Italia and the Five Star Movement. A handful of American studies along these lines have focused on the political consequences that news media coverage can have, showing that exposure to Fox News could increase Republican Party vote shares significantly, and that exposure to MSNBC increased Democratic Party voting share but with a much weaker effect.
We know that education increases cognitive ability, so it stands to reason that educational television would also have a positive effect. Concerns about culture are hardly novel: Plato made a case for regulating the quality of artistic productions to avoid the corruption of youth and weakening of their character.Almost every house today owns a television set and it has surely become one of the most important parts of our lives.
Earlier, it used to be only a means of entertainment because of the movies, music and shows that are put up with an intention of entertaining the viewers. But more than just entertaining, televisions have come a long way in benefiting its viewers and audience. Televisions are no more source of just movies and music.
The Harmful Effects of Watching Television
There are a number of new channels that keep us acquainted with the world. Apart from this, many cable operators offer online study lessons, dance lessons, yoga, exercise, cooking etc. Television can be put to a great use in this manner as it can be used to study and learn other useful activities as well.
However, it is adamant that television must be used and watched in a limited amount only. Excess exposure to television can have serious impacts on eyes and brain of a person. It is important to understand where and when to stop. We have entered an age of technology.
Everything is going digital and technical. Education is now not just limited to books and paperbacks.
Digital means of education provide a better visualization for a student. There are many channels on television which are contributed to covering syllabus topics for certain subjects. Others like the discovery channel brings out brand new inventions and knowledge stuff which is great for children as well as the adults. This fact is so obvious that it can never be denied. Television is one of the major sources of entertainment since the day of its invention.
There are so many things that the TV encompasses. Apart from this, news channels also do contain much entertaining stuff every now and then. TV is the best source to know what sports activities are going on in the world. They can be read in the newspaper too, sure. But the actual games that are broadcasted over the television can be clearly witnessed by the people around the world. Not only do they become aware about the techniques of the sports, but they can witness the whole game and learn many more important things about that sport.
TV today has an endless range of stuff. From cookery shows to travel diaries, the TV today can sport just almost anything. Such shows acquaint us with the world outside us and our country. We are introduced with the outer world and their culture. This effectively adds to our knowledge of the world and help us in appreciating the beauty of different cultures around the world.
A number of TV shows and documentaries that are put up over the television can have a number of positive effects on the children as well as the youth today.
Watching people succeeding in their lives and some inspirational movies, their morale can be boosted and it can therefore work as a great source of inspiration for the young generation. TV is surely a great source of knowledge. But many people tend to waste a lot of time over the television that they miss out on other important stuff. TV, when not used in a controlled manner, can be the greatest time waster of all time. The radiations that the TV throws out is harmful for the eyes.
Prolonged exposure to the same can cause the weakening of the eyesight. Too much TV usage can cause headache due to the harmful radiations. Most children and teenagers stick to the television screen all day long.Some people claim that television is the root of all evil, while others think of television as a best friend.
Some blame the television for society's violence, consumerism, and misinformation, while others see it as a rich resource for education and global understanding. I know many people who just can't seem to live without TV. As soon as they get home, they turn it on.How TV Affects the Brains of Young Children
Even if they have work to do, family to be with, or friends to see, they do it all with the TV on. For many of us, television is such a constant presence in our lives that we haven't stopped to question whether or not it is good, and most never ask ourselves if and how television might be hurting us.
For those of you who are asking this question—to satisfy your own curiosity or for an essay, debate, or other school project—below you will find the costs and benefits of watching television.
We call it "the idiot box" and "the boob tube.
If you took a genius and plopped her down in front of the idiot box, would she be any less smart by the end of the day? What if she went through her entire childhood without watching a single show: How would her intelligence be affected? And how would her intelligence compare to that of other geniuses who had spent their whole lives latched onto the boob tube? As you can probably guess, it all depends on who is watching, what they are watching, and for how long. It's also easy to find examples of how television manipulates people's opinions and morals and makes them more prone to consumerism and debt.
We all have personal experience with television that persuades us to believe it is valuable or not. Researchers have been diligently studying this question for a long time, perhaps ever since the late s, when television became a popular fixture in the home. Many studies have been done to ascertain the effects of television on intelligence, although most of the studies focus on younger children and results are not always conclusive.
The first two years of life are critical for a child's brain development; this is a time when a child learns motor, language, and social skills by playing and interacting, not by sitting idly and watching passively. According to pediatricians and the American Academy of PediatricsTV provides no educational benefits for children 2 years old and younger, and can in fact be harmful.
For kids this age, TV actually might delay development since it fills time a child might have spent doing other activities, ones that actually help them learn. Interacting with their environment, playing with others, and active participation are the things children should be doing but aren't when they're parked in front of the boob tube.
A study at Ohio State University shows that preschoolers who live in homes where the television is constantly kept on or even have a TV in their bedroom have difficulties developing a thing called a "Theory of Mind" ToMwhich is the ability to attribute mental states knowledge, intents, beliefs, desires, etc.So what are the main harmful effects of watching television that you should keep in mind before tuning into your favorite TV shows?
But did you know that inactivity has been linked to obesity and heart disease? So ask yourself this: Is it merely a coincidence that in the West — where people are spending enormous amount of time watching television — the rates of obesity and heart disease in people of all ages are rapidly increasing? A study conducted by researchers at the Harvard School of Public Health indicates that watching too much television can significantly increase the risk of developing obesity and type 2 diabetes.
As you can understand, the side effects of watching a lot of TV on your health can be pretty damaging. TV is ruining your health, which is pretty bad in itself. This particularly happens while watching TV newscasts. Unfortunately most people accept whatever television is feeding them, without ever casting a doubt on its truthfulness. The harsh reality is that searching to find out the truth requires effort, and so we prefer to let the evening news do all the search for us. We choose the easy way, but a serious disadvantage of doing so is that we also choose to accept a distorted view of reality.
How exactly do they achieve that? Firstly, by making you feel bad about yourself. The result? Another dangerously bad effect of excessively watching television is the fact it can hinder our ability to think. As a consequence, we can be easily misinformed and manipulated.
Children are much more vulnerable to the messages TV is sending, and so they need to be taught from an early age how to protect themselves from them. Indeed, we rarely find a program on TV that requires us to think.
In fact, television programming is designed in such a way to match our attention spam.
This perfectly explains why almost all programs are 30 to 60 minutes long. It also explains why television programs rarely dedicate the entire program to a single topic. As a result, we can easily form opinions without allowing the information to first be filtered through our minds, and while we might think that we become more knowledgeable, in reality we become dumb.
Just think of how many hours of our day most of us waste watching television. Believe it or not, surveys reveal that people in the Western world spend hours a day watching television! Instead of going out to meet people, converse with them and have fun, we choose to be all alone confined within four walls, so as to watch with full attention adventure movies, reality shows, and soap operas. Indeed, more and more studies reveal the adverse health effects of watching television.
And these are just a couple of studies among dozens.
Advantages and Disadvantages of Watching Television